Human Research Protection Program
The KCTCS Human Research Protection Program (HRPP) seeks to ensure that all human subjects research conducted by or on students, faculty, or staff adheres to the foundational ethical principles established in the 1979 Belmont Report: respect for persons, beneficence, and justice. The KCTCS HRPP adheres to the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 45, Part 46, Subpart A, “Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects,” also known as the “Common Rule.”
- Coordinate approvals between KCTCS and another institution
- Submit a research project for review by KCTCS
- Submit a modification to a previously approved or exempted research project
- Submit a renewal request for a previously approved research project
- Report an instance of noncompliance
Frequently Asked Questions
Any administrator, faculty, staff or student of the Kentucky Community and Technical College System who is responsible for research activity involving human subjects must follow the KCTCS policy and procedures for any research activity that involves human subjects. This is also the case for external researchers that wish to involve KCTCS faculty, staff, or students in a research project involving human subjects.
The policy applies to any research activity that involves human subjects, whether such research is undertaken on a large or small scale, whether it is preliminary or fully designed, whether it is student or faculty research, whether it is externally funded or not, and whether it involves minimal risk or more than minimal risk.
Determination of whether a research project is exempt from formal review must be made in consultation with the KCTCS Human Research Protection Program.
Research must be approved prior to the initiation of activity, prior to the implementation of changes in previously approved procedure involving human subjects, and at least annually during the lifetime of the project.
The use of human subjects in research is extremely important to the development of new knowledge in many areas. However, careful attention must be given to questions of ethics and human dignity whenever human subjects participate in research.
In 1978, the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects in Biomedical and Behavioral Research developed broad ethical principles to provide a basis on which specific rules could be developed.
The Belmont Principles
Three basic principles are particularly relevant to the ethics of research involving human subjects:
Respect for Persons, Beneficence, and Justice.
KCTCS Policy 184.108.40.206.2 applies to any research activity conducted at or sponsored by KCTCS that involves human subjects. It is relevant whenever an investigator conducts research in which he or she (1) obtains data through intervention or interaction with an individual or (2) obtains private information by which an individual could be identified.
The policy is applicable to research involving living human beings whose physical, emotional, or behavioral conditions, responses, tissues, or fluids are investigated for research purposes (that is, for any reason other than the sole purpose of benefiting the subject as an individual). It is applicable to the use of interviews, tests, observations, and inquiries designed to elicit or obtain nonpublic information about individuals or groups, as well as the study of existing public or privately held records where the identity of individuals is known.
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